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J. Anderson, A Spreading Activation Theory of Memory. Journal
of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 22, 1983.
Author of the summary: J. William Murdock, 1997, email@example.com
Cite this paper for:
- Human memory can be modeled as spreading activation through a
network of nodes.
Keywords: Spreading Activation, Production System
Summary: Introduces cognitive units as a node as a unit plus a set of
elements (at most 5 in this incarnation of ACT). Makes arguments for
the cognitive plausibility of the claims throughout the document.
Describes the transition from working memory (WM) to long-term memory
(LTM) as the generation of traces. Further presents the relationship
as one of degree; to the extent that a chunk is activated, it is in
working memory. Discusses spreading and decaying of activation.
Discusses the strength of individual nodes (rather than connections) as
being determined by its frequency of use. Discusses in great depth the
interference problem (including the fan effect) and how it can be
addressed in ACT. Further discusses related problems in associative
relatedness: rejection of foil sentences that are true in the real
world, rejection of foil sentences consistent with ones presented,
etc. as evidence of spreading activation. Discusses how strength of
activation is learned with practice. Discusses the relationship
between recognition and recall. Discusses the use of elaboration of
concepts to strengthen learning.
Summary author's notes:
- This summary came from a file which had the following
"The following summaries are the completely unedited and often
hastily composed interpretations of a single individual without any
sort of systematic or considered review. As such it is very likely
that at least some of the following text is incomplete, inadequate,
misleading, or simply wrong. One might view this as a very
preliminary draft of a survey paper that will probably never be
completed. The author disclaims all responsibility for the accuracy
or use of this document; this is not an official publication of the
Georgia Institute of Technology or the College of Computing thereof,
and the opinions expressed here may not even fully match the fully
considered opinions of the author much less the general opinions of
the aformentioned organizations."
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