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Craig, D. L., Catrambone, R., & Nersessian, N. J. (2003) The role of perceptually represented structure in analogical problem solving. Unpublished manuscript.

  author = 	 {David L. Craig, Richard Catrambone, Nancy J. Nersessian},
  title = 	 {The role of perceptually represented structure in analogical problem solving},
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  year = 	 {},
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  OPTvolume = 	 {},
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Author of the summary: Jim Davies, 2003, jim@jimdavies.org

Cite this paper for:

Gick & Holyoak 1983: Think people have analogical problem solving troubles because they can't make an abstract schema. However, when verbal abstract schemata are given, it does not help.

This could be because the schema is presented as predicates, and perhaps that is the wrong form (in the sense that a representation has content and form.)

"Image schemas" play a role in the representation of analogical sources.

In experiment 1, the target problem was the radiation problem. The beehive (convergent-force) group got a story about killing a queen bee in a hive by pinching her with two sticks. The bunker group had two groups attacking a bunker, but it wasn't a convergent force. The beehive condition did better both before and after hints, suggesting that the benefits were present in both retrieval and mapping/transfer. It supports their hypothesis about convergent force image schemas.

In experiment 2, there were control, sketch, and gesture conditions. The gesture group did better before hint. No other differences were found. This supports the theory that the gesturing is a more direct experience of the image schema that's useful for solving the problem.

The sketch and verbal conditions did not differ. Those in the sketch condition drew a sketch while they described the source story verbally.

Summary author's notes:

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Last modified: Tue May 13 13:26:45 EDT 2003