Keywords: Qualitative Physics, Behavior, Simulation, Design Systems: EQUAL, SYN Summary: Introduces qualitative physics (from earlier papers), the study of how physical systems operate in a more abstract sense then is modeled by popular numerical approaches. Discusses a program, EQUAL, which does a "causal analysis" to determine the output (or potential outputs) of a circuit based on a qualitative description of its structure. Describes the "no-function-in-structure" principle that requires that the descriptions of components and connections be done in a device independent manner. Illustrates the concepts of the theory by demonstrating its representation and processing of various specific laws of the electrical circuit domain. Argues for imposing sequential, causal interpretations onto circuits. Presents some detailed examples. Describes how the assumption that circuits were rationally designed helps to resolve ambiguities. Discusses a variety of ontological issues such as operating regions and time. Describes SYN, a constraint propagation circuit analysis program. Asserts that a program like EQUAL which provides a general qualitative analysis which could assist a program like SYN in setting up appropriate equations to solve constraint propagation problems more tractably. Finally discusses the role of qualitative analysis in troubleshooting and instruction.