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D. Gentner, Structure Mapping: A Theoretical Framework for Analogy. Cognitive Science, 7, 1983.

Author of the summary: J. William Murdock, 1997, murdock@cc.gatech.edu

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Keywords: Analogy, Relation, Proposition, Structure

Systems: None

Summary: Argues that a simple measure of degree of similarity is not
an adequate account of matching for the determination of analogy.
Presents a language of objects, attributes, and relationships.  Argues
that the core of analogy is the mapping of relationships.  Observes
that this claim is independent of content; that the nature of the
representation directly facilitates analogy independent of the content
of the information.  Describes the atom-solar system example.  Claims
that the key to analogy is not just relationships but systems of
interconnected relationships and argues for this claim using the
examples.  Discusses some (really minor) empirical support and a (very
brief) summary of related research.  Presents "the analogical shift
conjecture", that reasoning from experience starts with similarity
mapping, moves into analogy and then finally into abstraction of
general principles.

Summary author's notes:

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