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Tarr, M. J. (1994). Visual representation: From features to objects. in V. S. Ramachandran (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Human Behavior. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Vol. 4, 503--512.

  author = 	 {Tarr, Michael J.},
  title = 	 {Visual representation: From features to objects},
  booktitle = 	 {Encyclopedia of Human Behavior},
  pages = 	 {503--512},
  publisher =    {Academic Press},
  year = 	 {1994},
  editor = 	 {Ramachandran, V. S.},
  volume = 	 {4},
  number = 	 {},
  series = 	 {},
  type = 	 {},
  chapter = 	 {},
  address = 	 {San Diego, CA},
  edition = 	 {},
  month = 	 {},
  note = 	 {},
  annote = 	 {}

Author of the summary: Jim Davies, 2006, jim@jimdavies.org

Cite this paper for:

Gestalt principles: [4] The necker cube demonstrates the figure-ground segregation. You can only see one interpretation at a time. [5]

One way to determine the parts of an object is to look for inward-facing curvature.

Perceptual systems are often thought to have biases for non-accidental things, that correspond to the way our world tends to be. This provides an explanation of gestalt effects: close objects tend to be attached, as do similar objects. Surfaces tend to be continuous over large areas, leading to good continuation biases. The idea is that non-accidental properties may form the basis for structure and part recovery. [6]

Object representation can vary on several aspects:

Object representations are often of two kinds, which tend to make the same decisions about the above choices: There is converging evidence that humans use both kinds of descriptions. People are quicker at naming things in better views, supporting view-based descriptions. Other evidence from categorization shows that it's orientation independent. There is neurological dissociations between recognition of words and of visually similar objects, supporting the idea that structural is used for categorization and view-based is used for recognizing objects.

Summary author's notes:

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